Go is a production-level statically typed programming language whose design features explicit message-passing primitives and lightweight threads, enabling (and encouraging) programmers to develop concurrent systems where components interact through communication more so than by lock-based shared memory concurrency. Go can only detect global deadlocks at runtime, but provides no compile-time protection against all too common communication mismatches or partial deadlocks.
This work develops a static verification framework for liveness and safety in Go programs, able to detect communication errors and partial deadlocks in a general class of realistic concurrent programs, including those with dynamic channel creation, unbounded thread creation and recursion. Our approach infers from a Go program a faithful representation of its communication patterns as a behavioural type. By checking a syntactic restriction on channel usage, dubbed fencing, we ensure that programs are made up of finitely many different communication patterns that may be repeated infinitely many times. This restriction allows us to implement a decision procedure for liveness and safety in types which in turn statically ensures liveness and safety in Go programs. We have implemented a type inference and decision procedures in a tool-chain and tested it against publicly available Go programs.
Fri 20 Jan Times are displayed in time zone: Amsterdam, Berlin, Bern, Rome, Stockholm, Vienna change
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A Short Counterexample Property for Safety and Liveness Verification of Fault-tolerant Distributed Algorithms
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Julien LangeImperial College London, Nicholas NgImperial College London, Bernardo ToninhoImperial College London, Nobuko YoshidaImperial College London, UKPre-print